Appearance:Colourless, crystalline solid
Hot Sale, Ibuprofen 15687-27-1 good producer
- Molecular Formula:C13H18O2
- Molecular Weight:206.285
- Appearance/Colour:Colourless, crystalline solid
- Vapor Pressure:0.000139mmHg at 25°C
- Melting Point:77-78 °C(lit.)
- Refractive Index:1.5500 (estimate)
- Boiling Point:319.6 °C at 760 mmHg
- PKA:pKa 4.45± 0.04(H2O,t = 25±0.5,I=0.15(KCl))(Approximate)
- Flash Point:216.7 °C
- Density:1.029 g/cm3
Ibuprofen 15687-27-1 Usage
Ibuprofen belongs to a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory analgesic. It has excellent anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic effect with less adverse reactions. Ibuprofen is a white, crystalline anti-infl ammatory drug used in numerous medications. It is the active ingredient marketed under various trade names including Advil, Motrin, and Nurofen. Ibuprofen is a nonsteroidal anti-infl ammatory drug (NSAID) used as a pain reliever (analgesic), fever reducer (antipyretic), and inflammation reducer. Infl ammation is a general physiological response to tissue damage characterized by swelling, pain, and heat.Ibuprofen works by inhibiting the enzyme cyclooxygenase (COX), which in turn interferes with the synthesis of prostaglandins. COX exists as several coenzyme forms that are similar in structure: COX-1, COX-2, COX-3; ibuprofen is a nonselective inhibitor of both COX-1 and COX-2. COX-1 is continually produced in mammalian cells throughout the body in response to physiological stimuli. A common goal in the development of pain and inflammation medicines has been the creation of compounds that have the ability to treat inflammation, fever, and pain without disrupting other physiological functions. General pain relievers, such as aspirin and ibuprofen, inhibit both COX-1 and COX-2. A medication's specificaction toward COX-1 versus COX-2 determines the potential for adverse side effects. Medications with greater specificity toward COX-1 will have greater potential for producing adverse side effects. By deactivating COX-1, nonselective pain relievers increase the chance of undesirable side effects, especially digestive problems such as stomach ulcers and gastrointestinal bleeding. COX-2 inhibitors, such as Vioxx and Celebrex, selectively deactivate COX-2 and do not aff ect COX-1 at prescribed dosages. COX-2 inhibitors are widely prescribed for arthritis and pain relief. In 2004, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced that an increased risk of heart attack and stroke was associated with certain COX-2 inhibitors. This led to warning labels and voluntary removal of products from the market by drug producers; for example, Merck took Vioxx off the market in 2004. Although ibuprofen inhibits both COX-1 and COX-2, it has several times the specificity toward COX-2 compared to aspirin, producing fewer gastrointestinal side effects.
ChEBI: A monocarboxylic acid that is propionic acid in which one of the hydrogens at position 2 is substituted by a 4-(2-methylpropyl)phenyl group.
Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) is used as an analgesic and antipyretic as well as a treatment for rheumatoid arthritis and degenerative joint disease. The most frequently observed side effects are nausea, heartburn, epigastric pain, rash, and dizziness. Incidence of GI side effects is lower than with indomethacin.Visual changes and cross-sensitivity to aspirin have been reported. Ibuprofen inhibits COX-1 and COX-2 about equally. It decreases platelet aggregation, but the duration is shorter and the effect quantitatively lower than with aspirin. Ibuprofen prolongs bleeding times toward high normal value and should be used with caution in patients who have coagulation deficits or are receiving anticoagulant therapy.
Abbifen;Abuprohm;Abu-tab;Aches-n-pain;Acril;Actifen;Actiprofen;Actren;Addaprin;Advil 200 mg;Advil cold & sinus;Agisan;Aktren;Aldospray;Algiasdin;Algifor;Algisan;Algofer;Altior;Amersol;Anadin ibuprofen;Analgesico;Analgil;Analgyl;Anco;Antalgil;Antiflam;Antiruggen;Apsifen;Artofen;Artren;Artril;Artrofen;Bayer select ibuprofen pain reliever;Benflogin;Betagesic;Betaprofen;Brofen 200 mg;Brofen 400 mg;Brufert;Brufort;Buborone;Bufedon;Bufigen;Burana;Cesra;Children's advil;Children's motrin;Codafen continus;Contraneural;Contrneural;Cuisialigil;Cunil;Cuprofen;Dansida;Dentigoa forte;Dignoflex;Dimetap sinus;Dimidon;Dismenodl n;Dolgirit;Dolocyl;Dolo-dolgit;Dologesic;Dolo-neos;Dolo-puren;Doltibil;Dolven;Donjust-b;Dorival;Dristan sinus;Duradyne;Dura-ibu;Duralbuprofen;Dysdolen;Ecoprofen;Ediluna;Esprenit;Excedrin ib;Exidol;Exneural;Femafen;Femapirin;Femidol;Fenalgic;Fenlong;Genpril;Guildprofen;Halprin;Ibenon;Ibol;Ibosure;Ibruthalal;Ibu-attritin;Ibucasen;Ibu-cream;Ibufac;Ibufen tablets;Ibufen-l;Ibufug;Ibugel;Ibugesic;Ibuhexal;Ibular;Ibulav;Ibuleve;Ibulgan;Ibumetin;Ibuphlogont;Ibupirac;Ibuprin;Ibuprofen 200;Ibuprohm;Ibu-slow;Ibusure;Ibu-tab;Ibutad;Ibutid;Ibutop;Ibuvivimed;Ibux;Imben;Inabrin;Incefal;Inflam;Inoven;Inza;Iproben;Irfen;Isdol;Isisfen;Junifen;Kalma;Kos;Lacondan;Librofem;Librofen;Lidifen;Lisi-budol;Mediprofen;Melfen;Menado ibuprofen usp;Midol 200 advanced pain formula;Midol ib;Migrafen;Minadol;Moment;Motrin ib;Narfen;Neobrofen;Neobrufen;Nerofen;Niapren;Novaprin;Novogent;Novoprofen;Nu-ibuprofen;Optifen;Opturem;Pacifene;Padudent;Paxofen;Pfeil;Phor pain;Posodolor;Prontalgin;Recudik;Relcofen;Rheufen;Rimafen;Saleto-600;Seclodin;Sedaspray;Serviprofen;Sine-aid ib;Solufen;Spedifen;Stadasan;Superior pain medicine;Supreme pain medicine;Supren;Suspren;Tabalon;Tempil;Tendar;Trauma-dolgit;Ultraprin;Valprin.
World Health Organization (WHO)
Ibuprofen, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent, was introduced in 1969. It was approved for sale without prescription in packages containing no more than 400 mg, in the United Kingdom in 1983. This action was followed by the USA, Canada and several European countries. Since this time reports of suspected adverse effects have increased. Most of these relate to gastrointestinal disturbances, hypersensitivity reactions but aseptic meningitis, skin rashes and renal damage have been recorded.
Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 31, p. 3139, 1983 DOI: 10.1248/cpb.31.3139The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 52, p. 287, 1987 DOI: 10.1021/jo00378a027
Flammability and Explosibility
Ibuprofen is rapidly absorbed on oral administration, with peak plasma levels being generally attained within 2 hours and a duration of action of less than 6 hours. As with most of these acidic NSAIDs, ibuprofen (pKa = 4.4) is extensively bound to plasma proteins (99%) and will interact with other acidic drugs that are protein bound.
Ibuprofen is indicated for the relief of the signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis, the relief of mild to moderate pain, the reduction of fever, and the treatment of dysmenorrhea.
Ibuprofen, 2-(4-iso-butylphenyl)propionic acid (3.2.23), can be synthesized by various methods [88–98]. The simplest way to synthesize ibuprofen is by the acylation of iso-butylbenzol by acetyl chloride. The resulting iso-butylbenzophenone (3.2.21) is reacted with sodium cyanide, giving oxynitrile (3.2.22), which upon reaction with hydroiodic acid in the presence of phosphorus is converted into 2-(4-iso-butylphenyl)propionic acid (3.2.23), which subsequently undergoes phases of dehydration, reduction, and hydrolysis.Another way to synthesize ibuprofen consists of the chloromethylation of iso-butylbenzene, giving 4-iso-butylbenzylchloride (3.2.24). This product is reacted with sodium cyanide, making 4-iso-butylbenzyl cyanide (3.2.25), which is alkylated in the presence of sodium amide by methyl iodide into 2-(4-iso-butylbenzyl)propionitrile (3.2.26). Hydrolysis of the resulting product in the presence of a base produces ibuprofen (3.2.23).
Potentially hazardous interactions with other drugs ACE inhibitors and angiotensin-II antagonists: antagonism of hypotensive effect; increased risk of nephrotoxicity and hyperkalaemia. Analgesics: avoid concomitant use of 2 or more NSAIDs, including aspirin (increased side effects); avoid with ketorolac (increased risk of side effects and haemorrhage); possibly reduced antiplatelet effect with aspirin. Antibacterials: possibly increased risk of convulsions with quinolones. Anticoagulants: effects of coumarins and phenindione enhanced; possibly increased risk of bleeding with heparins, dabigatran and edoxaban - avoid long term use with edoxaban. Antidepressants: increased risk of bleeding with SSRIs and venlaflaxine. Antidiabetic agents: effects of sulphonylureas enhanced. Antiepileptics: possibly increased phenytoin concentration. Antivirals: increased risk of haematological toxicity with zidovudine; concentration possibly increased by ritonavir. Ciclosporin: may potentiate nephrotoxicity. Cytotoxics: reduced excretion of methotrexate; increased risk of bleeding with erlotinib. Diuretics: increased risk of nephrotoxicity; antagonism of diuretic effect; hyperkalaemia with potassium-sparing diuretics. Lithium: excretion decreased. Pentoxifylline: increased risk of bleeding. Tacrolimus: increased risk of nephrotoxicity.
15687-27-1 Relevant articles
A NOVEL SYNTHESIS OF α,β-UNSATURATED NITRILES FROM AROMATIC KETONES VIA CYANOPHOSPHATES
Harusawa, Shinya,Yoneda, Ryuji,Kurihara, Takushi,Hamada, Yasumasa,Shioiri, Takayuki
, p. 427 - 428 (1984)
Reaction of aromatic ketones with diethyl phosphorocyanidate in the presence of lithium cyanide gave cyanophosphates, which were converted into α,β-unsaturated nitriles by treatment with boron trifluoride etherate in high yields.
The continuous-flow synthesis of ibuprofen
Bogdan, Andrew R.,Poe, Sarah L.,Kubis, Daniel C.,Broadwater, Steven J.,McQuade, D. Tyler
, p. 8547 - 8550 (2009)
Let relief flow forth I A three-step, continuous-flow synthesis of ibuprofen was accomplished using a simplified microreactor. By designing a synthesis in which excess reagents and byproducts are compatible with downstream reactions, no intermediate purification or isolation steps are required.
Highly active supported palladium catalyst for the regioselective synthesis of 2-arylpropionic acids by carbonylation
, p. 1067 - 1068 (1999)
A catalyst system consisting of supported palladium in the presence of phosphine ligands, TsOH and LiCl catalyses the carbonylation of 1-arylethanols to 2-arylpropionic acids with significantly improved activity and regioselectivity; the catalyst can be recycled with no loss in activity and selectivity.
Carbonylation of vinyl aromatics: Convenient regioselective synthesis of 2-arylpropanoic acids
, p. 459 - 461 (1999)
(equation presented) Various substituted and nonsubstituted 2-arylpropanoic acids have been synthesized in high turnovers with high regioselectivity by palladium-catalyzed carbonylation of vinyl aromatics. Both terminal and internal olefins are carbonylated, though hindered olefins are less reactive. In all the cases high yields and high selectivity are observed. Olefins with electron-withdrawing para substituents gave the highest regioselectivity in the formation of the corresponding 2-arylpropanoic acids.
Room-temperature Pd-catalyzed methoxycarbonylation of terminal alkynes with high branched selectivity enabled by bisphosphine-picolinamide ligand
Chen, Fen-Er,Ke, Miaolin,Liu, Ding,Ning, Yingtang,Ru, Tong
, p. 1041 - 1044 (2022/01/28)
We report the room-temperature Pd-catalyzed methoxy-carbonylation with high branched selectivity using a new class of bisphosphine-picolinamide ligands. Systematic optimization of ligand structures and reaction conditions revealed the significance of both
The total synthesis of (-) -strempeliopine: Via palladium-catalyzed decarboxylative asymmetric allylic alkylation
An, Yi,Chen, Fener,Li, Weijian,Li, Yaling,Tang, Pei,Wang, Zhenzhen,Wu, Mengjuan,Xue, Yansong
, p. 1402 - 1405 (2022/02/09)
In the work reported herein, the concise and enantioselective total synthesis of the Schizozygine alkaloid (-)-strempeliopine was developed. This synthetic strategy featured the palladium-catalyzed decarboxylative asymmetric allylic alkylation of N-benzoy
Palladium-Catalyzed Distal m-C-H Functionalization of Arylacetic Acid Derivatives
Srinivas, Dasari,Satyanarayana, Gedu
supporting information, p. 7353 - 7358 (2021/10/01)
Herein, we present m-C-H olefination on derivatives of phenylacetic acids by tethering with a simple nitrile-based template through palladium catalysis. Significantly, the present strategy is successfully exemplified for the synthesis of drugs/natural product analogues (naproxen, ibuprofen, paracetamol, and cholesterol).
CONTINUOUS FLOW SYNTHESIS OF IBUPROFEN
Paragraph 0368-0372; 0413-0418, (2021/04/23)
This disclosure generally relates to methods of making ibuprofen, naproxen, and derivatives thereof. This disclosure also generally relates to compounds made by the disclosed methods. This abstract is intended as a scanning tool for purposes of searching in the particular art and is not intended to be limiting of the present invention.
15687-27-1 Process route
With phosphate buffer; potassium chloride; at 37 ℃; pH=7.4; Further Variations:; pH-values; Reagents; Kinetics;
With aq. buffer; In acetonitrile; at 39 ℃; pH=7.1; Kinetics;
15687-27-1 Upstream products
15687-27-1 Downstream products
(+/-)-ibuprofen methyl ester
2-(4-isobutylphenyl)propionic acid N-oxysuccinimide ester